Sunday, July 17, 2011

Union Public Service Commission ( UPSC) Information, Origin, Functions and Recruitment Rules

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is a constitutional body in the Republic of India. The commission is authorized to conduct examinations for appointment to the various Civil Services of India.The Indian Constitution (Part XIV - Services Under the Union and the states - article no. 315 to 323) provides for a Public Service Commission for the union and a Public Service Commission for each state.

Origin
The first Public Service Commission was set up on 1 October 1926  by the then British Indian Government in response to the demands of Indian politicians that the Indian Civil Services be Indianized. The functions of this Public Service Commission were largely advisory and, because of this limitation, it failed to satisfy the demands of Indian political parties associated with the struggle for freedom. The British Indian government then set up a Federal Public Service Commission and provided for the formation of provincial level Public Service Commissions under the Government of India Act 1935.

Functions of the Commission
Functions of the UPSC are to conduct examinations for appointment to the services of the Union.

1. Recruitment to services & posts under the Union through conduct of competitive examinations. This is the regular mode of recruitment where an examination is conducted followed by an interview. The annual list of competitive exams is:

2. Recruitment to services & posts under the Central Government by direct selection This type of recruitment is done to fill immediate/ irregular job vacancies. It is general done through direct interviews, but sometimes, a written test is conducted preceding the interview.

3. Advising on the suitability of officers for appointment on promotion as well as transfer-on-deputation

4. Advising the Government on all matters relating to methods of Recruitment to various services and posts

5. Disciplinary cases relating to different civil services and

6. Miscellaneous matters relating to grant of extra ordinary pensions, reimbursement of legal expenses etc. ..

Recruitment Rules

In accordance with the provisions contained in Article 320 of the Constitution read with the provisions of Union Public Service Commission (Exemption from Consultation) Regulations 1958, Recruitment Rules of all Group ‘A’ and Group ‘B" posts in various Ministries/Departments of Government of India are required to be framed in Consultation with the Commission. Consultation with the Commission is also necessary for framing/amending Recruitment Rules for certain categories of posts under the Employees State Insurance Corporation, The Delhi Municipal Corporation, The New Delhi Municipal Council, Employees Provident Fund Organisation etc. under the relevant Acts made by Parliament in pursuance of the provisions of Article 321.



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