Wednesday, February 17, 2016

Jobs and Career in Elderly Care- Senior Citizen Care Jobs

Jobs and Career in Elderly Care Senior Citizen Care Jobs is demanding day by day as In India the size of the elderly population, i.e. persons above the age of 60 years (Senior Citizen)  is fast growing. The elderly who accounted for 6.7 percent of total population are expected to grow over 10 percent by 2021.
Jobs and Career in Elderly Care

Schemes  and Policies by Government of India for Senior Citizens
Government of India is fully committed and is playing a vital role in formulating and implementing policies in order to create an enabling environment for the older persons to lead an active and productive life.

The Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act, 2007 was enacted in December 2007 to ensure need based maintenance for parents and senior citizens and their welfare. The Act provides for :
(a) Maintenance of Parents/ senior citizens by children/ relatives made obligatory and justifiable through Tribunals,
(b)Revocation of transfer of property by senior citizens in case of negligence by relatives,
(c)Penal provision for abandonment of senior citizens,
(d) Establishment of Old Age Homes for Indigent Senior Citizens and
(e) Adequate medical facilities and security for Senior Citizens. National Policy on Older Person.

Government of India announced the National Policy on Older Persons (NPOP) in 1999 to reaffirm its commitment to ensure the well being of the older persons. The Policy envisages State support to ensure financial and food security, health care, shelter and other needs of older persons, equitable share in development, protection against abuse and exploitation, and availability of services to improve the quality of their lives.

National Council for Older person A National Council for Older Persons1999 (NCOP) was constituted under the Chairmanship of the Union Minister of Social justice and Empowerment to oversee the implementation of the Policy.

Integrated Program for Older Persons The Nodal Ministry implements the Central Sector Scheme of Integrated Programme for Older Persons (IPOP) under the Scheme, financial assistance up to 90% and in case of state 95 % of the project cost is provided to Government/ Non-Governmental Organizations/ Panchayati Raj Institutions/ local bodies etc. for establishing and maintaining old age homes, day care centers and mobile Medicare units.

Several innovative projects have been added as being eligible for assistance under the Scheme, some of these are Maintenance of Respite Care Homes and Continuous Care Homes, Running of Day Care Centres for Alzheimer's Disease/ Dementia Patients, Physiotherapy Clinics for older persons, Help-lines and Counselling Centres for older persons, Sensitizing programmes for children particularly in Schools and Colleges, Regional Resource and Training Centres, Training of Caregivers to the older persons, Awareness Generation Programmes for Older Persons and Care Givers, Formation of Senior Citizens Associations etc., Programs of Other Ministries

The Rural Ministry is implementing the Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme (IGNOAPS) under which Central assistance is given towards pension @ Rs. 200/- per month to persons above 60 years and @ Rs. 500/- per month to persons above 80 years belonging to a household below poverty line and matching contribution/ equal contribution is given by State Govts. The Ministry also administers the Annapurna Scheme under which free food grains (wheat or rice) upto 10 kg. per month are provided to destitute older persons of 65 years or above who are otherwise eligible for old age pension but are not receiving it.

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare provides the facilities for senior citizens such as Separate queues for older persons in Government hospitals and Geriatric clinic in several government hospitals. The Ministry is implementing the National Programme for the Health Care for the Elderly (NPHCE). Ministry of Finance provides Tax benefits for senior citizens. Ministry of Home Affairs in its advisories has advised the States/UTs to take immediate measures to ensure safety and security and for elimination of all forms of neglect, abuse and violence against older Person.

Ministry of Railways extends the facilities to senior citizens such as Separate ticket counters for senior citizens of age 60 years and above, 40per centand 50per centconcession in rail fare for male (60 years) and female (58 years) senior citizen respectively and Wheel chairs at stations for old age passengers. Air India under the Ministry of Civil Aviation provides air fare concession up to 50per centfor senior citizens.

The Department of Pension has set up a Pension Portal to enable senior citizens to get information regarding the status of their application, the amount of pension, documents required, if any, etc.. The Ministry of Law and Justice has directed the High Courts in the country accord priority to cases involving older persons and ensures their expeditious disposal. Professional service to Elderly Elderly Care profession is more suitable to students of social Science faculty, particularly, Social Work Education.

Jobs in Metropolitan Cities
Elderly care givers has more job potential in metropolitan Cities. Earlier, the elderly care used to be the responsibility of their family. This practice is still intact in the rural areas. However, in urban areas ,especially, in states like Kerala, Punjab, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh there have been a large number of senior citizens living without their children to look after them. Given the fact that 70per centof such elders live with one or other or multiple ailments require assisted living support for performing their Activities of Daily Living-(ADL). Elders affected with terminal illness, People living with all forms of Dementia, Parkinson’s disease etc., require specialized person centric care. These conditions have thrown a vast opportunity for short term and long term care givers, bedside assistants, semi-qualified nursing assistants, day time carers and 24 X7 carers etc.

Keeping in view of rising demand, National Institute of Social Defence(NISD), Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment is engaged in training the eligible person on elderly/Geriatric Care to generate pool of geriatric Care givers in order to assist the elders who are in need. NISD has been training eligible persons on elderly /Geriatric Care and also through its Regional Resources Training Centres (RRTCs) located at Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Imphal, Bangalore, Hyderabad and Coimbatore. There are very few institutions which offer such needs based training focusing elderly care.

The Old Age care Division of National Institute of Social Defense is a unique Institution which offers customized courses on following streams with a view to cater to the above emerging needs.

Training and Job related Courses

1. Three Month Certificate Course on Geriatric Care is offered for those with minimum 10 pass qualification. People particularly married women, widows, person who have inclination to work for the elders, transgender may also apply for above course and work as individual Home Care giver/taker of elderly. There is job opportunity in Old Age Homes which are mushrooming in the country. Further, they can be absorbed in the Hospitals also as helpers and NGOs working in the field of elderly care.

2. Six Month Certificate Course on Geriatric Care is offered for those with +2 qualification. It has job potential in Old Age Homes/Day Care Centers including palliative care units to work as Geriatric Care givers/palliative helper and supervisors in related NGOs.

3. One year Post Graduate Diploma in Integrated Geriatric Care (PGDIGC) is offered for those who have completed under graduation. PGDIGC will help them work in Old Age Homes as geriatric care managers and offer specialized services such as Conducting care-planning assessments to identify needs, problems and eligibility for assistance, research on ageing, screening, arranging, and monitoring in home help and other services. It also provides for reviewing financial, legal or medical issues, offering referrals to specialists to avoid future problems and to conserve assets, providing crisis intervention, making sure things are going well and alerting families of problems.

Each course above has its own criteria defined based on the duration and course curriculum. Youngsters with basic minimum qualification can opt for appropriate course and after completion they are absorbed into this emerging market of care of elderly. The Institute is also exploring more options to cater to the special emerging needs of the elderly.

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