Sunday, July 31, 2011

National Council of Educational and Research and Training ( NCERT) Recruitment Administrative Assistant August 2011

Research Name : National Council of Educational and Research and Training – NCERT
Job Position : Administrative Assistant
Pay Scale : Rs.20,000/-PM
Eligibility : B.Com
Job Location : New Delhi
Walk In Date : 05-August-2011


Jobs Details : 1-Post Name : Administrative Assistant

Qualifications : - i) B.Com from a recognized University, Three years experience in Accounts related works Basic knowledge of computer, Retired employees of Govt. of India/State Govt./Autonomous Bodies with knowledge and experience of accounts related works.
Pay scale : Rs. 20,000/- p.m. (Consolidated)
No of Post : 01
2-Post Name : DTP Operator
Qualifications : - Graduate from recognized university and certificate/diploma course in Desk Top Publishing with three years experience in a reputed Publishing House, preferably in book making.
Pay scale : Rs. 18,000/- p.m. (Consolidated)
No of Post : 01

HOW TO APPLY :  Walk-in-interview on For Sr. no. 1 and 2 :-Date of interview : 5th August 2011 Time of interview : 10.30 a.m.Place of interview : Seminar Room, above State Bank of India, DESM, NCERT, New Delhi – 16.

For More Information :  Click Here

Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL) Engineering Assistant Recruitment July 2011

Corporation Name : Indian Oil Corporation Limited – IOCL
Job Position : Engineering Assistant
Pay Scale : Rs. 10500 – 24500/- Rs. 11900 – 32000/-
Eligibility : 10th, ITI, Diploma
Job Location : Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh
Last Date : 03/9/2011.
Selection Process : Written Test

Jobs Details:-Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL), Applications are invited from result oriented eligible Indian Nationals for the following positions:-

Tamil Nadu: Post Name: Engineering Assistant (Mechanical)

No. of Post: 01 Post
Pay Scale: Rs. 11900 – 32000/-
Post Name: Engineering Assistant (Electrical)

No. of Post: 01 Post
Pay Scale: Rs. 11900 – 32000/-
Post Name: Engineering Assistant (T&I)

No. of Post: 02 Posts
Pay Scale: Rs. 11900 – 32000/-
Post Name: Technical Attendant -I

No. of Post: 04 Posts
Pay Scale: Rs. 10500 – 24500/-
Andhra Pradesh:

Post Name: Engineering Assistant (Mechanical)

No. of Post: 01 Post
Pay Scale: Rs. 11900 – 32000/-
Post Name: Engineering Assistant (Electrical)

No. of Post: 01 Post
Pay Scale: Rs. 11900 – 32000/-
Post Name: Engineering Assistant (T&I)

No. of Post: 01 Post
Pay Scale: Rs. 11900 – 32000/-
Post Name: Technical Attendant -I

No. of Post: 04 Posts
Pay Scale: Rs. 10500 – 24500/-
Age Limit: 18-26 years as on 01.08.2011

How to Apply:

Application along with fee (wherever applicable) should be sent by Ordinary Post in the prescribed format superscribing on the envelope – Name of the Post _to Post Box No. 3321, Chennai – 600 034 so as to reach by 03/9/2011.

For More Information:-  Click Here

Saturday, July 30, 2011

Jobs in National Botanical Research Institute – NBRI Project Assistant vacancies July 2011

Institute Name : National Botanical Research Institute – NBRI
Job Position : Project Assistant
Pay Scale : Rs 12,000/Pm
Eligibility : M Sc
Job Location : Lucknow
Last Date : 10-August-2011


Jobs Details : –1-Post Name : Project Assistant

Qualifications : - 1st class M Sc in Biotechnology with two years researsch exerience.
Desirable : Experience and knowledge of techinques related to Molecular Biology as evidenced by Publication.
1-Post Name : Project Assistant 2

Qualifications : – 1st class M Sc in chemistry /Biochemistry
Desirable : Knowledge of chromatography,spectroscopy and biological assays ,extraction, isolation and characterization of different phytochemicals.
HOW TO APPLY : – The Application form will be provided at the venue on the date. However, candidat es may download the application form in advance from the website www.nbri.res.in. At the time of interview candidates should bring one latest photograph, attested copy of certificates of examinations passed (starting from matriculation), certificate indicating date of birth, caste certificate (in case of SC/ST/OBC) and experience certificate, etc. Tentative mark sheets/certificates and ‘result awaited’ will not be considered. All eligible candidates are requested to be present at the venue on the said date 30 minutes before the scheduled time for necessary formalities.

For More Information :  Click Here

Accountant vacancies in Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan – SSA Recruitment July 2011

Org Name : Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan – SSA
Job Position : Accountant, Assistant Accountant
Pay Scale : Rs.10000-16000/-
Eligibility : Graduate, P.Graduate, B.Com, M.Com
Job Location : Gorakhpur
Last Date : 09-08-2011
Selection Process: Interview

Jobs Details:- Accountant and Assistant Accountant Recruitment in Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan- SSA.

For Accountant

Qualification: B.Com/Graduate, Diploma in accountancy, in computer education “O” level diploma.
No. Of Post : 1 Post.
Pay Scale : 16000/-
Experience: 3 Years.
2- Assistant Accountant

Qualification:: B.Com/Graduate and Post Graduate Diploma in accountancy and in computer education “O” level diploma.
No. Of Post : 20 Posts.
Pay Scale : 10000/-
Experience : 3 Years.
Application Fee : Demand Draft of Rs 100.

How to Apply: The eligible aspirants may send their application in prescribed format given in the advertisement, with two recent passport size photographs along with required essentials and enclosures on or before 9-08-2011.

For More Information:  Click Here

Friday, July 29, 2011

University of Delhi Recruitment Project Assistant vacancies July 2011

University Name : University of Delhi
Job Position : Project Assistant
Pay Scale : Rs.10,000/-PM
Eligibility : BE,B Tech,M Sc
Job Location : Delhi
Last Date: 09-August-2011

Jobs Details : –
Post Name : Project Assistant
Project Title : “Cloning and expression of Mycobacterium tuberculosis genes”
Qualifications : – M.Sc. in Life Sciences/B.Tech. Candidates having proficiency in cloning and expression, Protein Purification will be given preference.
Pay Scale : Rs. 10,000/-
HOW TO APPLY : - Interested candidates should send their applications (by post or email: urmi_bajpai@yahoo.com) along with detailed C.V. to the Principal Investigator, OSDD Project, Deptt. Of BMS, Acharya Narendra Dev College, (University of Delhi) Govindpuri, Kalkaji, New Delhi 110 019. Last date for receipt of applications is 09th August 2011 till 4:00 pm.

For More Information :  Click Here

What is TDS ? Types of TDS certificates

TDS (Tax Deducted at Source) is one of the modes of collecting Income-tax from the assessees in India. This is governed under Indian Income Tax Act, 1961, by the Central Board for Direct Taxes (CBDT) and is part of the Department of Revenue managed by Indian Revenue Service (IRS), Ministry of Finance, Govt. of India. In simple terms, TDS is the tax getting deducted from the person the amount (Employee/Deductee) by the person paying such amount (Employer/Deductor). This is applicable for certain types of payments, as applicable under the Act.

In the process of TDS, deduction of tax is effected at the source when income arises or accrues. Hence where any specified type of income arises or accrues to any one, the Income-tax Act enjoins on the payer of such income to deduct a stipulated percentage of such income by way of Income-tax and pay only the balance amount to the recipient of such income.

The tax so deducted at source by the payer, has to be deposited in the Government treasury to the credit of Central Govt, within the specified time. The tax so deducted from the income of the recipient is deemed to be payment of Income-tax by the recipient at the time of his assessment.

Income from several sources is subjected to tax deduction at source. Presently this concept of TDS is also used as an instrument in enlarging the tax base. Some of such income subjected to TDS are salary, interest, dividend, interest on securities, winnings from lottery, horse races, commission and brokerage, rent, fees for professional and technical services, payments to non-residents etc. It is always considered as an Advance tax which is paid to the government.

Tax Deduction Account Number (TAN)

Tax Deduction Account Number or TAN is a unique identification number for person deducting the tax. The person who is liable to deduct the Tax should obtain a TAN before deducting such Tax. TAN should applied through Form No 49B (prescribed under Income Tax Law). Such form can be submitted online at NSDL website. OR can also be submitted at Tax Information Network Facilitation Center (TIN-FC). These centers are established by NSDL (which is an appointed intermediary by the Government) across India.

TAN Application should accompany a 'proof of identity' and a 'proof of address' (photocopies) of the deductor. In case, the application is made online, these documents need to be sent over mail (post/courier) to NSDL - TAN Application division.

Once NSDL receives the TAN application along with said documents (either through TIN FC / Online), the details are verified and then sent to Income Tax Department. Once approved, Income Tax Department will allocate a unique number, and indicate the applicant through NSDL.

TAN will be a 10-character alphanumeric string composed of four alphabetic, five numeric, then one alphabetic character. E.g.: "BLRR02933A". The first three characters are an Income Tax Region Code (BLR => Bangalore) and the fourth digit is the first character of the deductor name (R => is denote to the deductee.that which is individual or Companey if individuality denote =P and Company Denote =C Remaining characters form a unique combination to get identified at Income Tax Department.
Deductor
Under the process of TDS, Deductor is a person/company who is liable to deduct the Tax at source, from the payment being made to the party. Deductor is also termed as Employer in cases where the payments are under Salaries.

Deductee
Deductee is the person, from whom the tax is being deducted or accrued for deduction. Depending on the nature of the deduction being made, deductees and respective submission forms are categorized to 4 types:

Salaries: In case of salaries, the deductee is termed as an Employee. All the information of deductions and payments in this category should be submitted in Form 24Q to the government.
Non-Salaries - Resident: In case of non-salaries and the payment is made to a resident in India, the deductee is termed as a Deductee or a Party. All the information of deductions and payments in this category should be submitted in Form 26Q to the government.
Non-Salaries – Nonresident: In case of non-salaries and the payment is made to a non-resident of India, the deductee is termed as a Deductee or a Party. All the information of deductions and payments in this category should be submitted in Form 27Q to the government.

TDS Certificates: A tax deductor is also required to issue TDS certificate to the deductee within specified timed under section 203 of the I T Act. The certification from the deductor, for the deduction and payment of the respective TDS amount to the bank, issued to the deductee is a TDS certificate.

The deductee should produce the details of this certificate, during the regular assessment of income tax, to adjust the amount of TDS against the Tax payable by the Deductee [assessee].

Types of TDS certificates
Salaries - Form 16: In case of Salaries, the certificate should be issued in FORM 16 containing the Tax computation details and the Tax deducted & Paid details. This refers to the details submitted over Form 24Q.

Non-salaries - Form 16A: In case of Non-Salaries, the certificate should be issued in FORM 16A containing the Tax deducted & Paid details. Separate certificates should be prepared for each Section [nature of payment]. This refers to the details submitted over Form 26Q and 27Q.

TCS Certificates - Form 27D: There is a separate certificate Form 27D, which is falling under Tax Collected at Source(TCS).

Thursday, July 28, 2011

Vacancies in Bharathiar University Project Fellow Recruitment July 2011

University Name: Bharathiar University
Job Position: Project Fellow
Pay Scale: Rs. 8000/-
Eligibility : M Sc, M Phil, Ph D
Job Location: Coimbatore
Last Date: 05-August-2011
Selection Process: Interview.

Jobs Details: Bharathiar University, inviting application for the post:-

Post Name: Project Fellow

Qualification : Candidate must have at least second class Master Degree in Statistics/ Statistics with Computer applications with a minimum of 55% marks (50% in case of SC/ST/PH) or M.Phil., degree in statistics

Age Limit: 40 years at the time of appointment.

How to Apply:

The interested and eligible candidates shall submit the applications in plain paper along with their bio-data and attested copies of the relevant certificates either by post or in person to Dr.R.Muthukrishnan, Principal Investigator, UGC-Major Research Project in Statistics, Department of Statistics, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, 641 046 on or before August 5, 2011.

For More Information:-  Click  Here

What is RTGS System in Banking and Difference between RTGS and NEFT

RTGS System
Q1. What is RTGS System?
Ans. The  'RTGS' stands for Real Time Gross Settlement, which can be defined as the continuous (real-time) settlement of funds transfers individually on an order by order basis (without netting).'Real Time' means the processing of instructions at the time they are received rather than at some later time.'Gross Settlement' means the settlement of funds transfer instructions occurs individually (on an instruction by instruction basis). Considering that the funds settlement takes place in the books of the Reserve Bank of India, the payments are final and irrevocable.


Q2. How RTGS is different from National Electronics Funds Transfer System (NEFT)?
Ans. NEFT is an electronic fund transfer system that operates on a Deferred Net Settlement (DNS) basis which settles transactions in batches. In DNS, the settlement takes place with all transactions received till the particular cut-off time. For example, currently, NEFT operates in hourly batches - there are eleven settlements from 9 am to 7 pm on week days and five settlements from 9 am to 1 pm on Saturdays. Any transaction initiated after a designated settlement time would have to wait till the next designated settlement time. Contrary to this, in the RTGS transactions are processed continuously throughout the RTGS business hours.

Q3. Is there any minimum / maximum amount stipulation for RTGS transactions?
Ans. The RTGS system is primarily meant for large value transactions. The minimum amount to be remitted through RTGS is  2 lakh. There is no upper ceiling for RTGS transactions.

Q4. What is the time taken for effecting funds transfer from one account to another under RTGS?
Ans. Under normal circumstances the beneficiary branches are expected to receive the funds in real time as soon as funds are transferred by the remitting bank. The beneficiary bank has to credit the beneficiary's account within two hours of receiving the funds transfer message.

Q5. Would the remitting customer receive an acknowledgement of money credited to the beneficiary's account?
Ans. The remitting bank receives a message from the Reserve Bank that money has been credited to the receiving bank. Based on this the remitting bank can advise the remitting customer that money has been delivered to the receiving bank.

Q6. Would the remitting customer get back the money if it is not credited to the beneficiary's account? When?
Ans. Yes. It is expected that the receiving bank will credit the account of the beneficiary instantly. If the money cannot be credited for any reason, the receiving bank would have to return the money to the remitting bank within 2 hours. Once the money is received back by the remitting bank, the original debit entry in the customer's account is reversed.

What is the essential information that the remitting customer would have to furnish to a bank for the remittance to be effected?

Ans. The remitting customer has to furnish the following information to a bank for effecting a RTGS remittance:

Amount to be remitted
Remitting customer’s account number which is to be debited
Name of the beneficiary bank
Name of the beneficiary customer
Account number of the beneficiary customer
Sender to receiver information, if any
The IFSC Number of the receiving branch


Wednesday, July 27, 2011

Jobs in Nizams Institute of Medical Sciences Registrar Recruitment July 2011

Institute Name : Nizams Institute of Medical Sciences – NIMS
Job Position : Registrar
Pay Scale : Rs.8,000 – 12,000/-PM
Eligibility : MD , MS , M.Ch
Job Location : Hyderabad
Last Date : 10-August-2011

Jobs Details : –Nizam’s Institute of Medical Sciences, invites applications for the post of Registrars

Name of the Post : Registrar

Qualifications : - MD/MS or DM/M.Ch for Specialty
Pay Scale : PB3 : 18,750-34,800 +GP 6,600 for BS and PB3 :21,900-34,800 + GP 7,600 .
HOW TO APPLY : Apply with C.V to Executive Registrar, Nizam’s Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad -500082 latest by 10.8.2011.

For More Information :  Click Here

Jobs in Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education & Research July 2011 for Data Entry Operator

Institute Name : Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education & Research – PGIMER
Job Position : Data Entry Operator
Pay Scale : Rs.10,000 /-PM
Eligibility : M Sc
Job Location : Chandigarh
Last Date : 20-08-2011



Jobs Details : –
1-Post Name : Data Entry Operator

Qualifications : - Senior Secondary (10+2),Computer proficiency
Preference: Diploma/Degree in computer sciences or equivalent,Knowledge of Computer applications and typing skill,Prior work experience of projects.
Pay Scale : INR 10,000.00 (INR ten thousand only) per month (Consolidated)

HOW TO APPLY : - Interview of eligible candidates will be held on 25 August 2011 at 10.00 AM in Committee Room, Medical Superintendent Office, Nehru hospital, PGIMER, Chandigarh. No TA/DA will be given for appearance in the interview and no separate call letter will be sent for the same. Candidates should bring all original documents.

For More Information : Click Here

Job Vacancies Indian Institute of Chemical Biology – IICB Jobs for JRF in July 2011

Institute Name : Indian Institute of Chemical Biology – IICB
Job Position : JRF
Pay Scale : Rs 12000/-
Eligibility : M Sc
Job Location : Kolkata
Last Date : 28-07-2011
Selection Process: Interview


Jobs Details:-  Advertisement No. : R&C/SNK/205/2011

Indian Instt. of Chemical Biology (IICB), conduct walk-in interview for the post:

Name of Post: Junior Research Fellow (JRF)

No. of Vacancies: 01
Name of the Project : "Characterization of anti-HIV properties of acaciaside-B and preclinical studies towards its development as a potential microbicide-spermicide formulation.”Vacancy Code : 2051101
Qualification : M.Sc. in Physiology/Zoology/Biochemistry or equivalent with NET/GATE.Desirable : Experience in animal experimentation for biomedical research is highly preferred

How to apply:
Interested candidates fulfilling all the above conditions of this job may appear for the walk-in-interview to be held on 28-07-2011 from 2.00 p.m. in the Red Carpet Room with the following documents original and attested copy – (1) Matriculation Certificate in support of your date of birth, (2) Degree/Diploma Certificate, (3) Original reprints of all testimonials regarding educational qualification, (4) No Objection Certificate from the employer if employed, (5) Final Marksheet of M.Sc. Examination, (6) One Passport size photograph.

For More Information:  Click Here

Monday, July 25, 2011

CAIIB Examination Important Notice to the Candidates

The Institute will be launching the modified structure for CAIIB examination from December, 2010 onwards. For this purpose the Institute has completely revised and restructured the syllabus for the CAIIB Examination in consultation with all its stake holders.

  • Comulsory Papers
  • Optional Papers

Revised (2010) Syllabus of CAIIB: Candidates to the new CAIIB exam will have to write two compulsory papers and one optional paper. The list of compulsory papers and elective papers are given below. Among the 11 elective papers the candidate will have chose any one elective paper.

1. COMPULSORY PAPERS

Advanced Bank Management
Bank Financial Management

2. OPTIONAL PAPERS (Select one)

Corporate Banking
Rural Banking
International Banking
Retail Banking
Co-operative Banking
Financial Advising
Human Resources Management
Information Technology
Risk Management
Central Banking
Treasury Management

The details of the syllabus and course content, examination rules :  Click Here

January 2011 Exam of CAIIB

The revised syllabus is being introduced from Dec 2010/Jan2011 examination.

Therefore both (a) Candidates enrolling first time for the CAIIB examination and (b) candidates who desire to re-enroll for CAIIB examination i.e. after having availed four (4) permissible consecutive attempts and not completing examination will have to submit their applications under the Revised (2010) Syllabus. These candidates cannot apply for the examination under previous syllabus. In fact the institute will not accept any new application under the old pattern. Accordingly the old pattern examination will cease to exist after Dec 2011.

It is recommended that candidates who had enrolled for CAIIB for December 2009 examination and have completed two attempts in the CAIIB examination as of June 2010 without passing any paper so far may consider applying under the new syllabus instead of enrolling for 2nd block of 2 attempts under the old syllabus.

Solved question papers and answers of JAIIB and CAIIB exams

The Indian Institute of Banking and Finance (IIBF) is India’s premier institute in banking and finance education, aiming for professional excellence. Indian Institute of Banking & Finance is a professional body of banks, financial institutions and their employees in India. With its membership of over 700 banks and financial institutions as institutional members and about 300000 of their employees as individual members, IIBF is the largest Institute of its kind in the world.

Click Here to Download JAIIB and CAIIB Solved question paper


Schedule for JAIIB and CAIIB Exams Nov 2011 Exams


Examination DATETIMESUBJECTS
10/05/2015 Sunday9.00 a.m. to 12 NoonPrinciples & Practices of Banking
17/05/2015 Sunday9.00 a.m. to 12 NoonAccounting & Finance for Bankers
24/05/2015 Sunday9.00 a.m. to 12 NoonLegal & Regulatory Aspects of Banking


Examination DATETIMESUBJECTS
13/11/2011 Sunday1.30 p.m. to 4.30 p.m.Risk Management
20/11/2011 Sunday1.30 p.m. to 4.30 p.m.Financial Management
27/11/2011 Sunday1.30 p.m. to 4.30 p.m.General Bank Management

Sunday, July 24, 2011

Jobs and Recruitment in Capital Local Area Bank

Capital Local Area Bank Limited, CLAB is the presently largest Local Area Bank in India and is operating in the Districts of Jalandhar, Kapurthala and Hoshiarpur in Punjab for the last 13 years with excellent performance in all spheres. The Reserve Bank of India in January 2013 has accorded the approval for expansion of area of operation of the Bank to two more Districts of Ludhiana and Amritsar in Punjab.
Jobs and Career in No.1 Local Area Bank in India Post your resume:




Bank is offering opportunities in the following fields:
General Banking (Operations / Back office)
Marketing
Information Technology
Treasury and many more

Please make sure that you provide the following details:
  •  Qualification
  •  Current Profile/Work Experience
  •  Contact Number
Vacancies and Career opportunities in Capital Local Area Bank
For Details: Click Here

Guidelines for Setting up of Local Area Banks in India

August 24, 1996: With a view to providing institutional mechanisms for promoting rural savings as well as for the provision of credit for viable economic activities in the local areas, it has been decided to allow the establishment of new local banks in the private sector.
This is expected to bridge the gaps in credit availability and enhance the institutional credit framework in the rural and semi-urban areas. The following are the guidelines for establishment of the new local banks:

 Object of Local Area Banks
Setting up of local area banks in private sector to cater to the credit needs of the local people and to provide efficient and competitive financial intermediation services in their area of operation.

Local Area Banks Scope of Activities
Since these banks are being set up in district towns, their activities will be focussed on the local customers. It is expected that their lendings will be to agriculture and allied activities, SSI, agro-industrial activities, trading activities and the non-farm sector with a view to ensuring the provision of timely and adequate credit to the local clientele in the area of operation. The banks will observe the priority sector lending targets at 40% of net bank credit (NBC) as applicable to other domestic banks. Within the above target these banks will adhere to the requirement of lending at least 25% of their priority sector deployments (10% of NBC) to the weaker sections. This will be monitored strictly and on an ongoing basis.

Registration, Licensing : Scheduling of Local Area Banks
The bank shall be registered as a public limited company under the Companies Act, 1956. It will be licensed under the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 and will be eligible for including in the Second Schedule of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934.

Capital
The minimum paid up capital for such a bank shall be Rs.5 crore. The promoters' contribution for such a bank shall at least be Rs.2 crore. Proposals having diversified share holdings, will be preferred.

Promoters
The promoters of the bank may comprise individuals, corporate entities, trusts and societies. In the application for a banking licence the details of the initial contribution ofpromoters, and the manner and method through which the minimum share capital of Rs.5 crore will be raised will need to be indicated.

Area of Operation
The area of operation of the proposed bank shall be a maximum of three geographically contiguous districts.

Head Office
The Head/Registered Office of the bank will be located at a centre within the area of operation of the bank

Voting Rights
Voting rights of an individual share holder shall be governed by the ceiling of 10 % of the total voting rights as stipulated in Section 12(2) of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949.javascript:void(0)

Applicability of Statutes
The bank will be governed by the provisions of the Reserve Bank of India Act 1934, the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 and other relevant statutes. However, in regard to its liquidity requirements and interest rates, such banks will be governed by the provisions applicable to Regional Rural Banks established under the Regional Rural Banks Act, 1976.

Prudential Norms
Such a bank shall be subject to prudential norms, accounting policies and other policies as are laid down by RBI. The bank will have to achieve capital adequacy of 8 per cent of the risk weighted assets from the very beginning. Similarly, norms for income recognition, asset classification and provisioning will also be applicable to it from the beginning.

Branch Licensing
The bank shall be allowed to open branches only in its area of operation and in regard to branch licensing, it shall be governed by the existing policy.


Saturday, July 23, 2011

Eligibility and selection Indian Forest Service Exams

The Indian Forest Service (IFS) is the Forestry service of India. It is one of the three All India Services of the Indian govt., along with the IAS and IPS; its employees are recruited by the national government but serve under the state governments or Central Government.

History of Indian Forest Service : The Indian Forest Service was created in 1966 for protection, conservation, and regeneration of forest resources. India was one of the first countries in the world to introduce scientific forest management.
In 1864, the British Raj established the Imperial Forest Department. In 1866 Dr. Dietrich Brandis, a German forest officer, was appointed Inspector General of Forests. The Imperial Forestry Service was organized subordinate to the Imperial Forest Department in 1867. The British colonial government also constituted provincial forest services and executive and subordinate services similar to the forest administrative hierarchy used today.

Officers appointed from 1867 to 1885 were trained in Germany and France, and from 1885 to 1905 at Cooper's Hill, London, a noted professional colleges of forestry. From 1905 to 1926, the University of Oxford, University of Cambridge, and University of Edinburgh had undertaken the task of training Imperial Forestry Service officers.

From 1927 to 1932, forest officers were trained at the Imperial Forest Research Institute (FRI) at Dehradun, which had been established in 1906. The Indian Forest College (IFC) was established in the 1938 at Dehradun, and officers recruited to the Superior Forest Service by the states and provinces were trained there. Forestry, which was managed by the federal government until then, was transferred to the "provincial list" by the Government of India Act 1935, and recruitment to the Imperial Forestry Service was subsequently discontinued.

The modern Indian Forest Service was established in the year 1966, after independence, under the All India Services Act 1951. The first Inspector General of Forests, Hari Singh, was instrumental in the development of the IFS.

India has an area of 635,400 km2 designated as forests, about 19.32 percent of the country. India's forest policy was created in 1894 and revised in 1952 and again in 1988.

Eligibility and selection Indian Forest Service

Recruitment to the Forest Service is made through the Indian Forest Service Examination conducted by Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) annually. Entry is open to candidates who hold a Bachelor’s degree with at least one of the subjects namely, Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science, Botany, Chemistry, Geology, Mathematics, Physics, Statistics and Zoology or a Bachelor’s degree in Agriculture or Forestry or Agricultural Engineering from a recognised University or equivalent and who are between the ages of 21 and 30 as on July 1 of the year of the examination. Upper age limits are less restrictive for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes and Other Backward Classes (SC/ST/OBC).

Notification of the Indian Forest Service Examination is generally in February. The written essay-based examination is conducted in July and is conducted in English. Each paper is of three hours' duration.

Applicants are tested in General English, General Knowledge, and two optional science subjects from a list of 14 subjects, which includes among them four branches of engineering (Mechanical, Chemical, Civil, and Agricultural). The level required for the option subjects is at least of the Honours degree level.

Candidates who qualify the written examination appear for an Interview, where they are questioned on academics; current affairs; basic knowledge of forest-related issues and policies and the status of their implementation; knowledge of the geographical features, forest cover, wildlife, and economic and cultural issues of one's community.

Training and rank structure Indian Forest Service

Selected candidates are sent for foundation training at the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration at Mussourie. This is followed by Forest Service-specific orientation at the Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy at Dehradun, with training on forest and wildlife management, soil conservation, surveying, Scheduled Tribes, and handling weapons.

After completing the academies, candidates go through a year of on-the-job field training in the state to which he or she is assigned. There is a probationary period four years during which they are posted as Assistant Conservators of Forests. On completion of this, officers are appointed to the Senior Time Scale and are entitled to be posted as the Deputy Conservators of Forests or Divisional Forest Officers in charge of districts/forest divisions.

Ranks of the Indian Forest Service are as follows:

Assistant Conservator of Forests
Deputy Conservator of Forests
Conservator of Forests (CFs)
Chief Conservator of Forests (CCFs)
Additional Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (Addl.PCCFs)
Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (PCCF) - highest post in a State
Director General of Forests - highest post at Centre, selected from amongst the senior-most PCCFs of states.


Thursday, July 21, 2011

Civil Services Examination Preparation, Eligibility ,Process and Format of Exam

Civil Services Examination is a nationwide competitive examination in India conducted by the Union Public Service Commission for recruitment to the administrative services of the Indian government, including Indian Administrative Services, Indian Foreign Service, Indian Revenue Service, Indian Police Service and Indian Postal Service among others.The exam is conducted in two phases, the Civil Service Aptitude Test, involving two objective type papers
(general studies and aptitude test), and the mains, involving a written exam with nine papers and an interview.The entire process from the CSAT to the declaration of result of the main, takes about an year.The success rate for the exam lies below 0.5%.



Civil Services Examination Process :
The Civil Services Examination is considered one of the most competitive and difficult in the world. At an average, 4 to 5 lakh candidates appear for the exam.usually, it has been noticed that many candidates after applying do not appear at the initial stage.

The Civil Services Examination is based on the British Raj-era Indian Civil Service.

Candidates must complete a three-phase process, with a success rate of about 0.1 percent of the total applicants:

Phase I: Civil Services Aptitude Test - This is qualifying test held in May/June every year. Notification for this is published in December/January. Results are published in the first half of August.
Phase II: Civil Services Exam (Main) - This is the main test, held in October/November every year. Results are usually published in the second week of March.
Phase III: Personality Test (Interview) - It is the final test and is held in April/May every year. Results are usually announced a few days before the next preliminary exam is to be held.
The training programme to the selected candidates usually commences in August every year.

Civil Services Examination Eligibility

The eligibility norms for the examination are as follows:

Nationality


For the Indian Administrative Service and the Indian Police Service, a candidate must be a citizen of India.
For the Indian Foreign Service, a candidate must be one of the following:
A citizen of India
a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia or Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India
For other services, a candidate must be one of the following:
A citizen of India
A subject of Nepal or Bhutan
a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia or Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.

Education


All candidates must have a minimum of any of the following educational qualifications:

A degree from a Central, State or Deemed university
A degree received through Correspondence Education or Distance Education
A degree from an Open University
A qualification recognised by the Government of India as being equivalent to either of the above
The following candidates are also eligible, but have to submit proof of their eligibility from a competent authority at their institute/university at the time of the main examination, failing which they will not be allowed to attend the exam.

Candidates who have appeared in an examination, the passing of which would render them educationally qualified enough to satisfy any of the above points
Candidates who have passed the final exam of the MBBS degree but have not yet completed their internship

Minimum Age for Civil Services Examination
Prescribed age limits are minimum 21 years and maximum of 30 years as on 1 August of the year of Examination. A candidate who turns 21 on 1 August is not eligible whereas a candidate who turns 30 is.

Upper age limit relaxation is provided to candidates as follows:

A maximum of three years for OBC candidates
A maximum of three years in case of Defence Services personnel disabled in operations during hostilities with any foreign country or in a disturbed area and released as a consequence thereof
A maximum of five years for candidates belonging to a Scheduled Caste or a Scheduled Tribe
A maximum of five years if a candidate had ordinarily been domiciled in the State of Jammu & Kashmir during the period from 1 January 1980 to 31 December 1989
A maximum of five years in case of ex-servicemen including Commissioned Officers and ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered at least five years Military Service as on 1 August and have been released on either of the following basis:
on completion of assignment (including those whose assignment is due to be completed within one year from 1 August) otherwise than by way of dismissal or discharge on account of misconduct or inefficiency
on account of physical disability attributable to Military Service
on invalidment
A maximum of five years in case of ECOs/SSCOs who have completed an initial period of assignment of five years Military Service as on 1 August and whose assignment has been extended beyond five years and in whose case the Ministry of Defence issues a certificate that they can apply for civil employment and that they will be released on three months notice on selection from the date of receipt of offer of appointment.
A maximum of ten years in case of blind, deaf-mute and orthopaedically handicapped persons
The age relaxation will not be admissible to Ex-Servicemen and Commissioned Officers including ECOs/SSCOs who are released on own request.

Numbers of attempts of Civil Services Examination
The maximum number of attempts a candidate can give the exam is limited as follows:

Four attempts for General category candidates and OBC category candidates under the Creamy layer
Seven attempts for OBC category candidates
To SCs/STs, there is no limit on the number of attempts.
However these candidates are requested to bear in mind:

An attempt at a Preliminary Examination shall be deemed to be an attempt at the Examination.
If a candidate actually appears in any one paper in the Preliminary Examination, he/she shall be deemed to have made an attempt at the Examination.
Notwithstanding the disqualification/cancellation of candidature, the fact of appearance of the candidate at the examination will count as an attempt.
Candidates just applied but not appeared at the exam is not an attempt.

Vacancies and Selection Civil Services Examination

Generally the number of vacancies varies every year. In the preliminary examination, the number of candidate selected for the mains is 11 or 12 times the number of vacancies and in case of the main examination, the number of candidates selected for the interview is twice the number of vacancies. For example, if the number of vacancies in a given year is 1000, and 1,00,000 candidates appear for the preliminary examination; the top 11,000 or 12,000 scorers will be selected for the mains and similarly, out of those 12,000 only the top 2,000 scorers will be called for the interview.

Preliminary (Civil Services Examination)

The preliminary examination was named Civil Services Exam (Preliminary) till 2010. The pattern of the exam was conceived in 1979 on the recommendations of the Kothari Commission. It included two examinations, one on general studies worth 150 marks, and the second on one of 23 optional subjects worth 300 marks.Until 2011, when it was revamped,the preliminary pattern was sustained with only minor changes once every ten to fifteen years. It is possible that in the coming years there can be some more changes in the format.

From 2011 onwards, the preliminary examination system is called the Civil Service Aptitude Test (CSAT). It is intended to focus on analytical abilities and understanding rather than their ability to memorise. The first CSAT took place on 12 June 2011. The current pattern of CSAT includes two papers of two hours duration and 200 marks each.Both papers have multiple choice objective type questions only. They are as under:

Paper 1 tests the candidate's knowledge on current events, history of India and Indian national movement, Indian and World Geography, Indian Polity and governance, Economic and social development, environmental ecology, biodiversity, climate change and general science.
Paper II tests the candidates' skills in comprehension, interpersonal skills, communication, logical reasoning, analytical ability, decision making, problem solving, basic numeracy, data interpretation, English language comprehension skills and mental ability.

Mains (Civil Services Examination)

The Civil Services Mains Examination consists of a written examination and an interview

Examination format of Civil Services
The written examination consists of nine papers, two qualifying and seven ranking in nature.The range of questions may vary from just two marks to thirty marks, twenty words to 600 words answers. Candidates who pass qualifying papers are ranked according to marks and a selected number of candidates are called for interview or a personality test at the Commission's discretion.


Civil Services Mains Format

TypeSubjectPaperMarks
QualifyingEnglish languageSingle paper300
Indian language±single paper300
RankingEssaysingle paper200
General studiesPaper I300
Paper II300
Optional Subject IPaper I300
Paper II300
Optional Subject IIPaper I300
Paper II300
Interview300
Total Marks2300


∗ Note: These papers are qualifying in nature and are not used for ranking. Hence their marks are not added to the total. Candidates who fail these papers as per the Commission's standards are not eligible for the interview.

± Note: The Indian language must be one specified under the eighth schedule of the constitution

Civil Services Examination Interview


The object of the interview is to assess the personal suitability of the candidate for a career in public service by a Board of competent and unbiased observers. The test is intended to judge the mental calibre of a candidate. In broad terms this is really an assessment of not only his intellectual qualities but also social traits and his interest in current affairs. Some of the qualities to be judged are mental alertness, critical powers of assimilation, clear and logical exposition, balance of judgement, variety and depth of interest, ability for social cohesion and leadership, intellectual and moral integrity.

The technique of the interview is not that of a strict cross-examination but of a natural, though directed and purposive conversation which is intended to reveal the mental qualities of the candidate.

The interview test is not intended to be a test either of the specialised or general knowledge of the candidates which has been already tested through their written papers. Candidates are expected to have taken an intelligent interest not only in their special subjects of academic study but also in the events which are happening around them both within and outside their own state or country as well as in modern currents of thought and in new discoveries which should rouse the curiosity of well educated youth.

Wednesday, July 20, 2011

Indian Engineering Services Examination, Recruitment, Interview and categories

Recruitment Indian Engineering Services : Recruitment to Group - A Services / Posts and Group - B Services / Posts are made under the following categories of Engineering:

CATEGORY I - Civil Engineering
CATEGORY II - Mechanical Engineering
CATEGORY III - Electrical Engineering
CATEGORY IV - Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering.
The number of vacancies to be filled on the results of the examination is expected to be approximately 745 including 50 PH vacancies. The number of vacancies is liable to alteration.


Indian Engineering Services (ES) are the Technical Services that meet the Technical and Managerial functions of the Government of India. Every year Government spending comprises more than 15 percent of India's GDP. Given the extent of tasks and functions managed by the public sector this extends to a fairly broad segment of the economy covering the Railroads, Military, Public works, Power, Telecommunications. Like in most countries, the Government of India recruits its civil servants and officials on the basis of merit. The middle management positions in the bureaucracy are filled through competitive exams. Large number of people take these exams competing for limited seats. Some seats are Reserved in India for the underprivileged sections of society.

A combined competitive examination is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC); for recruitment to the Indian Engineering Services (IES).

The test is conducted in May or June every year at centres across India, namely: Agartala, Ahmedabad, Aizwal, Allahabad, Bengaluru, Bareilly, Bhopal, Chandigarh, Chennai, Cuttack, Delhi, Dharwad, Dispur (Guwahati), Gangtok, Hyderabad, Imphal, Itanagar, Jabalpur, Jaipur, Jammu, Jorhat, Kochi, Kohima, Kolkata, Lucknow, Madurai, Mumbai, Nagpur, Panaji (Goa), Patna, Port Blair, Raipur, Sambalpur, Shillong, Simla, Srinagar, Thiruvananthapuram, Tirupati, Udaipur, Ranchi (Jharkhand) and Vishakapatnam.

Category I:

Civil Engineering :

Group A Services/Posts

(i) Indian Railway Service of Engineers.

(ii) Indian Railway Stores Service (Civil Engineering Posts).

(iii) Central Engineering Service.

(iv) Indian Defense Service of Engineers (Civil Engineering Posts).

(v) Indian Ordinance Factories Services (Engineering Branch) (Civil Engineering Posts)

(vi) Central Water Engineering (Gr. 'A') Service (Civil Engineering Posts).

(vii) Central Engineering Service (Roads) Group-A (Civil Engineering Posts).

(viii) Assistant Executive Engineer (Civil Engineering Post) (in Border Roads Engineering Service Gr. 'A').

(ix) Assistant Executive Engineer (Civil) in P&T Building Works (Gr'A') Service

Category II


MECHANICAL ENGINEERING :

Group A Services/Posts

(i) Indian Railway Service of Mechanical Engineers.

(ii) Indian Railway Stores Service (Mechanical Engineering Posts).

(iii) Central Water Engineering Gr. 'A' ServiceService Mechanical Engineering Posts).

(iv) Central Power Engineering Service (Mechanical Engineering Posts).

(v) Indian Ordnance Factories Service (Engineering Branch) (Mechanical Engineering Posts).

(vi) Indian Naval Armament Service (Mechanical Engineering Posts).

(vii) Assistant Executive Engineer Group 'A' (Mech. Engg. Posts) in the corps of EME, Ministry of Defence.

(viii) Assistant Naval Stores Officer, Grade-I (Mechanical Engineering Posts) in Indian Navy.

(ix) Central Electrical & Mechanical Engineering Service (Mechanical Engineering Posts).

(x) Assistant Executive Engineer Group ‘A’ in the Geological Survey of India.

(xi) Indian Supply Service, Group 'A' (Mechanical Engineering Posts).

(xii) Indian Defence Service of Engineers (Mechanical Engineering Posts).

Category III


ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING :

Group A Services/Posts

(i) Indian Railway Service of Electrical Engineers.

(ii) Indian Railway Stores Service (Electrical Engineering Posts).

(iii) Central Electrical and Mechanical Engineering Service (Electrical Engg. Posts).

(iv) Indian Naval Armament Service (Electrical Engineering Posts).

(v) Indian Ordnance Factories Service (Engineering Branch) (Electrical Engineering Posts).

(vi) Central Power Engineering Service (Electrical Engineering Posts).

(vii) Indian Defence Service of Engineers (Electrical Engineering Posts).

(viii) Assistant Naval Stores Officer, Grade-I (Electrical Engineering Posts) in Indian Navy.

(ix) Indian Supply Service Group 'A' (Electrical Engineering Posts).

Category IV


ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATION :

Group A & B Services/Posts

(i) Indian Railway Service of Signal Engineers.

(ii) Indian Railway Stores Service (Telecommunication/ Electronics Engineering Posts).

(iii) Indian Ordnance Factories Service (Engineering Branch) (Electronics Engineering Posts).

(iv) Indian Naval Armament Service (Electronics Engineering Posts).

(v) Assistant Executive Engineer Group 'A' (Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering Posts) in the Corps of E.M.E., Ministry of Defence.

(vi) Engineer (GCS-Gr-'A') in Wireless Planning and Co-ordination Wing/Monitoring Organisation. (M/o Communications & I.T., D/o Telecommunications).

(vii) Assistant Naval Stores Officer Grade- I (Electronics & Telecom Engineering Posts) in Indian Navy.

(viii) Indian Supply Service, Group 'A' (Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering Posts).

(ix) Indian Telecommunication Service. Gr. 'A

Examination

The Exam is conducted by Union Public Service Commission(UPSC) in the month of May/June India wide. There are objective as well as subjective papers. One paper for GS (General Studies) is part of the assessment system apart from the engineering subject of the candidate. The entire technical subject is divided into two papers (PAPER 1 and PAPER 2. There is a three day schedule of the written examination, comprising in all five written examination.

The first day is allocated for the General Studies (GS) paper. This exam is of 2 hrs duration. On the first day there is just one exam. This exam consists of General studies and General English.

The second day is allocated for the Objective Papers. There are two objective exams for each paper separately and each being of 2 hrs in duration.

The third day is allocated for the Conventional (Subjective) Papers. There are two subjective exams for each paper separately and each being of 3 hrs in duration.

The subjective answer sheets of a candidate are evaluated only once he qualifies the objective examinations.

Interview of Indian Engineering Services 

The candidates who qualify the written exam are called for Interview.

The notification of the examination is updated in the UPSC calender and is available on their web site.



Monday, July 18, 2011

Join Indian Naval Academy Admission, Career, History and Info NAVAC

Join The Indian Naval Academy
(NAVAC, also known as INA or Ezhimala) is the initial officer training establishment of the Indian Navy, located in Ezhimala, Kerala. Situated between Mount Dilli and the Kavvayi backwaters, NAVAC has a 7 km beach front on the Arabian Sea. It conducts basic training for all officers inducted into the Indian Navy. It also currently trains Indian Coast Guard personnel while the Indian Coast Guard Academy (ICGA) is currently under construction at Azhikkal. NAVAC was established in May 1969, while its Ezhimala campus was inaugurated on 8 January 2009. It shares the 2,452 acres (9.92 km2) site with the naval base depot, INS Zamorin, and the naval hospital, INHS Navjivani

HISTORY


Before the National Defence Academy (NDA) was established in 1954, Indian Naval officer cadets underwent four years of training in Dartmouth, United Kingdom with the Royal Navy and were commissioned as Sub Lieutenants upon their return. By 1968, the Navy realized that the NDA could not keep up with its expanding staffing requirements and the Indian Naval Academy was established to impart basic training in Cochin in May 1969.

The academy was consolidated with the Officers training school, at INS Mandovi in Goa in 1976. But with the growing use of INS Mandovi as an operational naval base, as well as the existing Provost and Physical Training school at the location, the Naval Academy operated under considerable space constraints. In addition, providing basic training for Coast Guard officers at the academy further stretched the facilities. Hence the Navy decided to obtain sanction for a new permanent Naval Academy to cope with increasing training load.

The initial requirement for the site for the academy was at least 100 acres (0.40 km2), in the vicinity of the sea or a large lake for basic seamanship. The site had to be in the proximity of a railhead, yet at some distance from the neighboring township. Another requirement was relative proximity to a naval base, as well as a bracing and moderate climate. The space requirement was later revised to consolidate training efforts in a single location for cost-effective operation.

In 1979, the Government of India approved the development of a new campus for the Indian Naval Academy. The sites considered for the new Naval Academy were Aruvankadu near the Pykara Dam Lake in the Nilgiri Hills in the vicinity of Wellington Cantonment, a site near the Bhatghar Dam situated off the Pune-Kolhapur highway, Hassergate Lake near Bangalore, Porbandar on the Saurashtra coast, Chingleput near Chennai and Ezhimala, north of Kannur on the Kerala coast. The Government of Kerala was keen to host the academy in the state and offered the Navy 960 hectares at Ezhimala. It also offered essential infrastructure facilities like water and electricity supply, approach roads and bridges, capital dredging of the Kavvayi backwaters (for basic rowing and small boat training), construction of a seawall to prevent erosion, as well as expansion of the nearest railway station at no cost to the Navy. In 1982, the Central Government approved the construction of the academy at Ezhimala and granted the Kerala Government a soft, medium-term loan for acquiring the land from private owners and the resettlement of the evacuees

Campus


The academy's campus is spread over 2,452 acres (9.92 km2) with 7 km of beach front on the Arabian Sea. The INA is divided into three zones -- a Training zone, an Administration zone and an Accommodation zone.

Admission

Prospective applicants to the undergraduate officer-trainee program of the Indian Navy apply through the National Defence Academy. NDA cadets opting to join the Navy complete two years of joint training at NDA, Khadakwasla with the Army and Air Force cadets. They then transfer to INA for the next two years. Cadets have the option to major in Electronics & Communication Engineering, Mechanical Engineering or Naval Architecture and are awarded a Bachelor of Technology degree upon graduation. Upon graduation, cadets are commissioned as Sub Lieutenants in the Navy.

Cadets majoring in Naval Architecture have to undergo an additional 6 months of training at the Naval Dockyard, Visakhapatnam after graduation. They also have the option to enroll for additional post-graduate specialization in the field at the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi.

Admisison to NAVAC as graduate officer-trainees of the Indian Navy is conducted through a written examination conducted by the UPSC, followed by 5-days of testing and interviews conducted by the Service Selection Board (SSB). These cover general aptitude, psychological testing, medical tests, team skills as well as physical and social skills. For the Short Service Commission (SSC) officer-trainees, selection is through merit. SSC officers have the option to apply for permanent commission based on their performance and track record.

Graduating officers often go on for additional training or specialization in areas such as surface warfare, submarine warfare, naval aviation, etc at other Naval schools.

Sunday, July 17, 2011

Career in National Defence Academy - History, Admission and Training Info

The National Defence Academy is a Joint Services academy of the Indian Armed Forces, where cadets of the three services, the Army, the Navy and the Air Force are trained together before they go on to pre-commissioning training to their respective service academies. It is located in Khadakwasla near Pune, Maharashtra.NDA alumni have led and fought in every major conflict in which the India Army has been called to action since the academy was established. The alumni include 3 Param Vir Chakra recipients and 9 Ashoka Chakra recipients.


History of National Defence Academy
In 1941, Lord Linlithgow, then Governor-General of India received a gift of a hundred thousand pounds from a grateful Sudanese Government towards building a war memorial in recognition of the sacrifices of Indian troops in the liberation of Sudan in the East African Campaign during World War II. At the end of the war, Field Marshal Claude Auchinleck, then Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Army, drawing on experiences of the army during the war, led a committee to study various Military academies around the world and submitted a report to the Government of India in December 1946. The committee recommended the establishment of a Joint Services Military Academy, with training modeled on the United States Military Academy at West Point.

After the independence of India in August 1947, the Auchinleck Report was taken up by the Chiefs of Staff Committee in India, which immediately implemented the recommendations. The committee initiated an action plan in late 1947 to commission a permanent defence academy and began the search for a site to build the academy. They also decided to setup an interim training academy, known as the Joint Services Wing (JSW), which was commissioned on 1 January 1949 at the Armed Forces Academy (now known as the Indian Military Academy) in Dehradun. Initially, after two years of training at the JSW, Army cadets went on to the Military wing of the AFA for a further two-year pre-commission training, while the Navy and Air Force cadets were sent to Dartmouth and Cranwell in the United Kingdom for further training.

Following the partition, India's share of the monetary gift received from Sudan, amounted to £ 70,000 (the remaining £ 30,000 of the gift went to Pakistan). The Indian Army decidd to use these funds to partly cover the cost of construction of the NDA. The foundation stone for the academy was laid by then Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru on 6 October 1949. The National Defence Academy was formally commissioned on 7 December 1954, with an inauguration ceremony held on 16 January 1955.The JSW program was transferred from the AFA to the NDA.

Campus of National Defence Academy 
The NDA campus is located about 17 km south-west of Pune city, north-west of Khadakwasla Lake. It spans 7,015 acres (28.39 km2) of the 8,022 acres (32.46 km2) donated by the Government of the erstwhile Bombay State. The site was chosen for being on a lake shore, the suitability of the neighboring hilly terrain, proximity to the Arabian Sea and other military establishments, an operational air base nearby at Lohegaon as well as the salubrious climate. The existence of an old combined-forces training centre and a disused mock landing ship, HMS Angostura, on the north bank of the Khadakwasla lake which had been used to train troops for amphibious landings, lent additional leverage for the selection of the site. Aptly, NDA is also located in the hunting grounds of the legendary Shivaji, with the Sinhagad Fort as a panoramic backdrop.

The administrative headquarters of the NDA was named the Sudan Block, in honour of the sacrifices of Indian soldiers in the Sudan theatre during the East African Campaign. It was inaugurated by then Ambassador of Sudan to India, Rahmatullah Abdulla, on 30 May 1959. The building is a 3-storeyed basalt and granite structure constructed with Jodhpur red sandstone. It's architecture features an exterior design comprising a blend of arches, pillars and verandahs, topped by a dome. The foyer has white Italian marble flooring and panelling on the interior walls. On the walls of the foyer hang the portraits of NDA graduates who have been honored with the highest gallantry awards, the Param Vir Chakra or the Ashoka Chakra.

A number of war relics adorn the NDA campus, including legendary captured tanks and aircraft.The Vyas Library offers an extensive collection of over 100,000 printed volumes, in addition to numerous electronic subscriptions and a number of periodicals and journals from around the world in at least 10 languages.

Admission National Defence Academy 
Applicants to the NDA are selected via a written exam conducted by the UPSC, followed by extensive interviews covering general aptitude, psychological testing, team skills as well as physical and social skills, along with medical tests. Incoming classes are accepted twice a year for semesters starting in July and January. About 100,000 applicants appear for each written exam. Typically, about 10,000 of these are invited to interview. Applicants to join the Air Force also go through a Pilot Aptitude Battery Test. About 300-350 cadets are accepted to the academy each semester. About 40 cadets are accepted for the Air Force, 50 for the Navy and the remainder for the Army.

Cadets who are accepted and successfully complete the program, are commissioned as officers in their respective Service. A cadet can only decline to accept the commission in case of a serious permanent medical condition caused during the program.[5] Cadets who are expelled, resign or decline the commission may not be granted the degree and are required to reimburse the cost of education and training to the Ministry of Defence.

Curriculum | Academics in National Defence Academy 
The NDA offers only a full-time, residential undergraduate program. Cadets are awarded a Baccalaureate degree (a Bachelor of Arts or a Bachelor of Science) after 3 years of study. Cadets have a choice of two streams of study. The Science stream offers studies in Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and Computer Science. The Humanities (Liberal Arts) stream offers studies in History, Economics, Political Science, Geography and Languages.

In both streams, academic studies are split into three categories of courses.

In the Compulsory Course, cadets study English, Foreign Languages (Arabic, Chinese, French or Russian), Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Computer Science, History, Political Science, Economics and Geography. Note that all cadets must take basic classes in all these subjects except Foreign Languages. Cadets then take advanced classes depending on their chosen stream.
The Foundation Course is mandatory and comprises Military Studies and General Studies. Subjects such as Military History, Military Geography, Weapons systems and Armaments, etc are covered in Military Studies. Subjects such as Geopolitics, Human Rights, Laws of Armed Conflict and Environmental Sciences are covered in General Studies.
The Optional Course focuses on subjects specific to the cadet's chosen Service.
Cadets spend the first four semesters on the Compulsory Course and the Foundation Course. They take the Optional Course during the fifth and sixth semesters. They may transfer to other Service academies for the optional courses.

National Defence Academy Training 
All cadets who successfully complete the program are hereby commissioned as Officers in the Armed Forces. Hence, military leadership and training is an essential part of the curriculum.

Apart from academics, rigorous physical training is mandatory during all six semesters for cadets. Small Arms training is required. In addition, cadets opt for a range of outdoor activities including para gliding, rowing, sailing, fencing, horsemanship, martial arts, shooting, skiing, sky diving, rock climbing, etc.

 
Be a Friend Like latestsarkarijobs.in | - Latest Sarkari Jobs | www.latestsarkarijobs.in